The field experiment is planned to take place in southern China during mid-April to mid-June 2013/2014. The first rainy season in Southern China is from April to June with a peak occurring between the onset of the South China Sea monsoon and the northward shift of its rain belt to the Yangtz-Huai River Valleys. In the past 15 years (1998-2012), the earliest onset of the SCS monsoon took place on 5 May (2008) and the latest on 26 May (2005/2009) (http://cmdp.ncc.cma.gov.cn/Monitoring/monsoon.htm). The average duration from the SCS monsoon onset to the ending of the first rainy season in Southern China is about 31 days (Luo et al. 2013). Therefore, observation between April and June would most probably capture the heavy rainfall processes before and after the monsoon’s onset during the first rainy season in Southern China.
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